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Belly Dance Time Line
. . . Continued, page 3 of 5
1489 Ballet originates in Italy as a dance performed by men.
1492 Queen Isabella of Castile exiles Jews from Spain. Moors are driven from Granada.
1500 Flamenco dance develops when Moors and other minorities fleeing persecution commingle in the mountain regions of Spain.
1500-1600 Construction of Tapkapi Palace in Istanbul (Byzantium or Constantinople). The palace typifies the setting of the harem dancers brought in to entertain the ladies of the harem.
1502 Christopher Columbus makes first contact with Mayans
1503 Leonardo De Vinci paints the Mona Lisa.
1533 The sacking of Cuzco, Peru, by Pizarro
1559 Pope Paul IV introduced the Pauline Index, a comprehensive document banning over 583 authors, including many scientists, either because they held heretical views or simply because they were Protestant.
1581 Ballet is further developed in France.
1587 Sir Walter Raleigh establishes first colony in North America.
1589 Volz becomes popular in Royal European Courts.
1596-1650 The fathers of mechanistic thinking that identify the body scientifically: Rene Descartes1632 -1704; John Locke, 1643-1727; Sir Isaac Newton predecessor Roger Bacon 1214-1294; and Aristotle 384 BC.
1601-1647 King Louis XIII bans the Volz because the close hold of the dancers threatens morality.
1631-1653 Taj Mahal is built
1643-1715 Ballet reaches a peak in the court of King Louis XIV. The first female ballet dancers are introduced in 1681
1750-1830 Britain's Industrial Revolution
1754 First Walzen music written in Germany.
1761-1767 Accounts of the Ghawazee are recorded by explorers bound for Saudi Arabia, and, along with sketches by Baurenfiend, are brought back to Frederick V of Denmark by Carsten Niebuhr.
1776 America claims independence from Great Britain; Thomas Jefferson drafts the Declaration of Independence.
1789 G.W. Brown reports Ghawazee dancers flourish as an accepted part of Egyptian Society.
1793 Napoleon fights the Turks at the foot of the Pyramids; Opens up the orient to explorations and the Orientalist art era begins (and lasts for at least a century).
c. 1795 -1800 The Orientalists art era begins;. Artists, writers and explorers bring back glimpses of the human side of the once feared, yet unknown, and to this point in time to the European mind, had been imagined as the heathen world of Islam. The images are rich and romanticized embellishments feeding the hungry western mind with exotic and curious delight.
1797 Moralists proclaim the Waltz indecent, demoralizing and weakening to the mind and body.
1800-1815 Tripolitan Wars in Syria; conflict between the United States and the Barbary States. Piracy had become a normal source of income in the North African Barbary States long before the United States came into existence. During the later Napoleonic Wars and the War of 1812, the Barbary pirates increased their raids on American commerce. Algiers actually declared war on the United States. In 1815 a squadron under Decatur forced the dey of Algiers to sign a treaty renouncing U.S. tribute, and the so-called Algerine War was ended. When the sailors returned, they brought back as cargo tales of the exotic Middle Eastern dancing girls to the shores of San Francisco, known as the Barbary coast in the gold rush days of 1851.
1803 Louisiana Purchase.
1811- 1877 Francois Delsarte spent his life cataloging mankind's movement patterns. He studied humans of all walks of life from the beggar to king for the purposes of developing stronger oratory skills. Dance was not his focus, nor was dance particularly respected during his life. This body of information becomes very valuable to the future modern and ethnic dance pioneers. Ruth St Denis, Ted Shawn and Le Meri later write extensively about his work.
1832 Ghawazee dancers of Cairo banished and Essne Khawals (female impersonators) take their place in public dancing.
1834 Spanish Inquisition officially ends
1836 Edward Lane publishes Manners and Customs of the Modern Egyptians; he likens Ghawazee dances to the Romans descriptions of Gaditae dances.
1837-1901 Victorian period
1850 Kuchuk Anem captivates Flaubert with her famous Bee Dance.
1850 Gold Rush pushes populations across the wild frontiers of North America.
1851 Oriental dancers appear at Crystal Palace Exhibition in London; Queen Victoria is present.
1861-1865 American Civil War
1862 Mexico gains independence from Spain.
1856 Gerome goes to Egypt and makes detailed records of the dances of Hasne and others.
1869 Suez Canal opens.
1876 Columbia Exhibition in Philadelphia, Americas Centennial Celebration. Tunisian dancers appear.